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(倾情原创)湖北高考作文可精准预测、可强化训练、可快速提分  

2015-06-05 12:06:29|  分类: 高考英语备考 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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湖北省高考英语自主命题至今已经有11年了,201538日,教育部部长袁贵仁在两会期间发出教育改革的新号角。释放出很多教育改革的重磅信息。其中有一条说到2016年将有25个省份采用全国统一命题。而在随后的三天之内,湖北教育厅相关部门向媒体作出回应,湖北将加入这25个省份之列。这就意味着湖北省2015年高考是我省考生们所参加的最后一届自主命题的高考。(至于2016年使用全国卷的哪一套试卷还有待进一步的权威部门发布消息确认。鄙人不敢妄测,但根据形势,十有八九应该是使用全国新课标卷了。)

既然是湖北省最后一次自主命题了。那么命题者就必然会保持其命题的连贯性和稳定性。也就是说,今年的试题风格和整卷难度以及出题思维都不可能发生大的变化。那么,我们只要认真研究高考出题者的思维,掌握出题者出题的思路和风格,紧抓课本,紧抓新课程标准和考试大纲说明,盯紧双基和语言的灵活应用能力是高考考察学生的能力这根基线,便可以对高考题目进行有效且相对精准的预测。

然而,对高考考题做全面的预测并不现实,但我们却可以集中精力对高考的特定题型进行精准预测,并在大方向不错的前提下做一些考前强化训练,这样就可以提高学生在该题型中的得分,从而达到整体迅速提分的目的。有必要声明的是笔者在这里并不是宣扬“唯押题论”,也不是再搞投机取巧。笔者近四年所有的预测都是建立在对历年高考真题尤其是阅读真题进行的深入研究基础之上,对课本的阅读文章进行话题梳理而得出的,对学生的教育教学过程中得到的感悟。不存在任何虚假夸张之说。

我在2010年下半年中途接手一个高二班级的英语教学工作。当时班上的状况是几乎所有学生已经丧失了对英语的学习兴趣。我进班时,有一多半都还在埋头苦玩手机。我竭尽所能,用了一个星期的时间成功调动他们的英语学习兴趣,其中一个很重要的手段就是排练课本剧。我把班上分成几个小组,让他们自己自由组合,自由认领表演节目。然后进行台词的培训,彩排,并且告诉他们相应的一些注意事项,其余的就是交给他们每个组自由发挥。起初还比较好,但后来问题就出来了。因为英语水平都很低,再加之新鲜劲过了之后,很多学生都不愿意再继续彩排,甚至是抵触。其中有些组干脆就撂挑子不干了。这时候我才意识到灌输他们团队意识是多么的重要。我给他们每个小组讲解小组合作的重要性,并引进了互帮互组机制和小组竞争机制。当然我也很耐心地给他们讲解如何把控台词的语音语调,帮他们改进对话设计,并且耐心弄清楚每个人的问题再逐一解决他们的困惑和苦闷。还有解决他们私人之间的恩怨并成功让原本已经互不原谅的几个同学又重新走到了一起,后来他们还进行了成功的合作。但是重点是:他们终于做到了团队应该做的事。在2011年高考前后我们一共自编自演了两场课本话剧。高考前演出动员时我对我的还是高二的学生们说,“今年说不定高考的作文题就是团结呢!你看我们的团队合作搞得多好!我对你们演出成功非常有信心。”2011高考试题结果是:

2011年湖北高考英语作文范文:

第二节:短文写作(共1题;满分25分)

请根据以下提示,结合你校园生活中的一个事例,就与人合作这一话题,用英语写一篇短文。

Working in groups at school is an opportunity to learn more about teamwork. Teamwork shows us how other people’s roles fit the purpose of the group, and it teaches to be patient and how to respond to different people.

注意:①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语;  ②除诗歌外,文体不限;  ③内容必须结合校园生活中的一个事例;  ④文中不得透漏个人姓名和学校名称;  ⑤词数为100左右。

Years of school life have taught me many things, of which I feel teamwork is the most important.

       However, I did not realize its importance until I was chosen to be class monitor during my last year of middle school. At first, I accomplished most of the duties by myself while the other students cared little about our class activities. As a result, I was worn out and depressed. Then I turned to my teacher, who advised me to cooperate with others. From that point on, I began to recognize the strengths of my classmates and had everyone do their part in class.

Working in teams instead of on my own has freed me of my troubles and made my work more efficient. (123 words)

一句调侃,成了现实。我便开始了预测高考作文之路。但并没有认真对待。毕竟我对高考没有深入的研究。只是平时的教学偶尔迸发出的火花和灵感而已。

也是这届学生,当他们进入高三,我便开始系统研究高考英语作文命题的特点并开始在课本中寻找所有可能的写作话题,正值荆州市征集高考命题英语作文并准备全市内部发行给高三的学生以便提高高考作文分数。我当时把我们班两位同学的作文进行修改后投递并被幸运的选中。当时我记得选定的主题与家庭的爱有关。一篇写的是母爱,一篇写的是父爱。但高考的题目预测却一直没有着落,更别谈灵感。

但是后来发生的事情,让我有了灵感和触动。

进入高三后,可能是因为质检一过后成绩出现了严重两极分化,我对班里这种现象给予了及时的关注并在和很多同学谈过心,了解相关的一些情况后,有针对性地对他们做了很多次的思想工作。主题就是人生面临很多选择,而且当时我有一句口头禅:life is nothing but a choice.意思是说,生活中你总会面临很多选择,而且你无时不刻都面临这选择,甚至有时候是很艰难的选择。尤其是很多同学认为自己进了长江高中这样的学校就已经没有希望了,其实这里面有一个选择的问题,因为当初你在初中时没有选择努力,所以你在三年前只能选择报考长江高中。而你现在要选择放弃也只是因为你在三年中一直选择不努力而已。所以说,从现在起如果你选择努力,也许高考你还能有起色。但如果选择放弃,那么你就可能真的什么都没有了。

但是我并没有把这段话整理成一篇作文。这是我最后悔的一件事。因为那年高考的的题目是这样的:

2012年湖北高考英语作文范文:

第二节:   短文写作(I题;满分30)

请根据以下提示,并结合事例,用英语写一篇短文。

You cannot choose what you are given, but you can choose how you make use of it.

注意:

无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语;          

除诗歌外,文体不限;

文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称;                 

词数为120左右。

高考的的范文是这样的:

Three years ago I failed an important exam in my life and became a student in an ordinary school. Disappointed as I felt at the shabby campus and the poorly-equipped classroom, I found the teachers patient and considerate. Besides, I enjoyed the friendly atmosphere in class. I decided to make the best of it. I worked hard and got along well with my teachers and classmates. Whenever I had difficulties, they were always available. Soon, I became one of the top students in my class, which greatly increased my confidence and got me motivated.

My experience tells me that it is not what you are given but how you make use of it that determines who you are. (118 words)

是不是看起来很熟悉?

那年,我没有下定决心把这个当做预测题目,但是我在高考前夕为他们准备了21个句型,其中有一半的句型是根据这个前提设置的:这21个句型是:

可救急用的21个临考作文常用句型

(希望同学们能灵活变通这些句型)

1.        As an old saying goes. 名言开头或结尾最能抢分。但要切题。

2.        What surprises me is that.主语从句好

3.        Only than did I realize how .倒装更抢分

4.        You can never imagine how …否定表强调

5.        Without, you can(cant) do anything but to do...隐形条件表强调某事重要性

6.        Getting along with is kind of thing I did not quite do well.和某人相处我不太擅长

7.        With that quality, you can bear fruit. (有收获)有了那种品质,你才能有收获,此句适合任一个品质话题作文结尾用最好。

8.        You can never fulfill your ambition to achieve anything.你永远都无法实现你的理想做成你想做的事情,如果…

9.        The strength of knowledge/ reading / science/ creativityconsists not so much in its wide as in its wide application.知识、阅读、科技、创新的力量与其说在于。。不如说在于广泛应用

10.    The more learned a man is, the more modest he usually is.越是…越是…

11.    I want to be honest / competitive, creative, honest / competitive/ creativeabove everything else.我要诚实,更具竞争力,创新精神,因为它们最重要。(任意品质话题均可使用)

12.    There is no alternative (choice) but to be/do..没有选择只能去…。

(注意:这就是对去年2012年的高考题进行预测命中的一句话)

13.    Whether you like it or not, you must be/do/behave.无论你喜欢还是不喜欢,你都只能去…

14.    No matter what difficulties you are in, he should be there to help you.无论你有什么困难,他都会来帮你。(描写一个像雷锋或名人或伟人或你身边任何一个对你有影响的人)

15.    We cannot praise him too much.我们再怎么赞扬他也不为过(同上)

16.    Though failed, we were not disgraced, from whichon the contrary,  we can learn a lot and keep going on.尽管失败了, 但我们并不感到羞耻,相反,我们学到了许多,吸取教训后继续前行。

17.    Glad of having her/him company, we learned a lot from he/him.真高兴能与他为伍,从他那里我们学到了很多很多。(描写人,同第14句)

18.    Never have I experienced such agony. It is he who helps me out, and gives encouragement to go on.我从来都没有经历过如此的痛苦,是他帮我走出痛苦,给我鼓励,助我前行(同上)

19.    There is nothing like a timely help in a wintry day.这无异于雪中送炭。

20.    Between A and B, I would rather do两者我宁可选择

21.    There is something in what he does. Its…他的行为意义重大,其行为的意义就是:helping others will bring you happy and give light to others.

这里面有11句话可以改编以下再重新组合便可成为一篇非常好的高考应试作文。但是,考完后问他们,他们却说不知道如何把这些句子改写成与作文有关的问题。

这里问题就出来了,有了好的预测,却对怎么去改编自己的作文没有进行强化训练,从而导致整个预测毫无效果,看不到价值。

2013年我有幸对艺术生进行高考考前辅导。其中有些考生因为没有过联考线,因此在辅导过程中他们表现出来那种破罐子破摔的心态,甚至经常出现同学之间因为小事儿打架的现象。我便劝他们要珍惜,讲了一些话语伤人的故事,并忠告他们要珍惜现在与同学的友谊和来之不易的高中同学情谊。当时我受2012年高考预测题的刺激,便把这件事在教学后记中写下来了。高考前夕,翻阅一年的教学记事,突然灵光一现,便把这个当做高考预测布置下去,并要求每人写了一篇与这个话题有关的作文。批改完后,手把手的叫他们如何在题目不完全吻合的情况下进行开头结尾的置换以便文题吻合。

       以下是2013年我写的下水文:Valuing what you have

Only when you lose can you value what you have. Not all people know how to value, taking friendship for example, what we have.

Three years ago I entered into the best school in our county and found no friends around me. Feeling depressed and frustrated, I tried every effort to make new friends. With my honest and sincerity, I made some intimate friends at last. We certainly had a lot of good old memory in the high school life. But when the last term came, especially when the entrance examination for college was around corner, I felt so pressed and lost my temper and my friends as well. As I always threw my furious on them, they left me at last, which let me so regretful.

Valuing what you have. Before writing this down I had suffered a lot and realized the true meaning of the words. Now I know what my problem is and will treasure everything I have in the future.(164 words)

       2013年湖北高考英语作文题目新鲜出炉:

2013年湖北高考英语作文范文:

81. We all know that “sticks and stones may break our bones”, but we should also be aware that words can hurt people, too.

这个题目可以写出很多话题来,主要可以写成:要珍惜和家人、朋友等的情谊,不要用言语伤害他人。这正是我预测的珍惜这个主题。详细的文章见上面。

注意:此文只需要改写几个词既可以成为比较好的高考作文。

当然也可以写宽容和包容这个主题,从这个角度写的话,就有一点和今年的语文高考作文相同的地方,方圆之间显示智慧,这种智慧应该是一种包容的智慧,一种可像水一样承载一切的智慧。

还可以就前一句话写坚持或其他类似的话题,但会因为后面半句而不太切题。因此不太好。

这次预测是继去年小范围命中高考主题的基础上再次命中高考主题,并且切合度很高!心里很安慰!自己的努力没有白费。

2014年高考前再次有幸对艺术生进行高考考前辅导。这次没有走灵感路线,而是认真研究了近三年的高考阅读真题。因为我觉得仅凭灵感是不行的,得有对考题还有考纲的系统研究的支撑才行。在对所有话题式的阅读理解真题进行梳理后,一篇讲一件小事的阅读记叙文吸引了我的眼球。于是我要求学生写了一篇作文:

Good is rewarded with good

Sometimes what you did unintentionally may bring you an amazing reward which makes you realize your deed worthwhile in return.

       That was a cold winter morning when I walked alone through a strange city under passage shortly after getting off the train, I came across an old woman in rags sitting that cold ground begging. Feeling so pity and sad for her, I put all my changes into her bowl in front of her knees and went on. But I seemed to be confused when I came a T road at the end of the under passage. I was quite not sure which one to take. Suddenly a voice came into my ear, it’s the old woman who I just gave her my changes that trembled in the cold wind and asked me where I would go, and then told me I should take the left one to go.

When I met the first sunshine in this strange city out of the under passage, I sensed that it’s not the sun but the woman that made me feel the warmth, which made me firmly believe that good is sure to be rewarded with good. (194 words)

2014高考作文题就是小事见大义!再一次全面命中高考题。下面是题目和范文:

请根据以下提示,并结合具体事例,用英语写一篇短文。

Small things make a big difference. The small things we do can make us a responsible member of the society.

注意:无须写标题;       ②除诗歌外,文体不限;    ③内容必须结合你生活中的具体事例;

文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称;词数不少于120,如引用提示语则不计入总词数。

One Possible Version

It isn’t hard to grow up into a responsible member of society.

I can well remember an incident that happened on a rainy Sunday afternoon. I was on my way to the bookstore and was waiting for the green light at a crossing when a girl of about ten was knocked down by a passing car, which drove off quickly. A man immediately rushed to the girl to give her first aid and I joined in without hesitation. Luckily she was not badly injured and we sent her to the nearest hospital. Compared with the escaped driver, I am proud of what I did.

As a member of the society, I am aware that being responsible is what it takes to make a better society.125 words

 

2014年高考命中的作文时我们的补习学生丁晨辉、刘双和我胡婉莹童鞋写的在北京的一件小事。外教修改后原文只需要将开头改成作文题目结尾变通成强调句即可。外教批阅原文如下:

Sometimes what you do unintentionally may bring you an amazing reward which makes you realize your deed was worthwhile.(这里改成作文题目,可原封不动的抄写)

It was a cold winter morning when I walked alone through a strange city underpassage shortly after getting off the train. I came across an old woman in rags sitting on the cold ground begging. Feeling pity and sadness for her, I threw all my change into the bowl placed in front of her knees and went on. But I became confused when I came to a T road at the end of the underpassage. I was not quite sure which direction to take. Suddenly a voice came into my ear. It was the old woman to whom I had just given my change She trembled in the cold wind and asked me where I would go, and then told me I should go to the left.

When I felt the first sunshine in this strange city, I sensed that it was not the sun but the woman that made me feel the warmth, which made me firmly believe that good is sure to be rewarded with good. 换成(it’s responsibility that makes me do so and be a member of the society(185 words)(改后174词)

 

I always believe that we can affect other people with our kindness and goodness and be rewarded with good in return.(可替换成The small things we do can make us a responsible member of the society

Last summer I went to Shanghai for a trip. One day with my older sister, I went around shopping when suddenly I spotted a little boy throwing rubbish randomly and deliberately. Without any hesitation, I walked up towards him and reminded him that he should not do like that and suggested that he put it into the rubbish can. Behind him, his mother smiled at my kindness, which I think was a kind of appreciation. (143 words)

From this experience I got inspired that we should pay more attention to our behavior and be a dignified and qualified person whenever and wherever we are. Only in this way can we get respect from others and be rewarded with good and kindness as well. (可替换成shoulder the responsibility to be a member of society(改后133)

 

I do believe that good will be rewarded with good whatever kindness you offer to the world.(., 增加which enable us to be a member of the society)

I clearly remember I came back from a summer course training when I was in senior high school. I had hardly taken the seat on a bus when I spotted an old woman stepping up onto the bus and standing there with her all effort as there is no seat at all, for there were many passengers. I quickly stood up and let the woman sit in my seat. Hearing the “thank you” word from the granny and praising words from the passengers, I felt really proud of myself, which made me felt very good.

Giving up my seat, though, is a small thing, in another’s view, but in my mind, it's a good and kind behavior that we should observe anywhere anytime. For I strongly believe that good must be rewarded with good.(改成题目结尾) (151 words)(改后共144词)

至此四年的高考预测无一例外的成功。这些证明高考作文题是可以预测的。
如果进行适当的有针对性的训练,是一定可以在短时间提高我们学生的作文成绩和水平的。
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