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(写作教学)简单而恰当的语词和结构表达复杂思想的一个案例  

2011-02-18 12:42:59|  分类: 英语作文 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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(写作教学)简单而恰当的语词和结构表达复杂思想的一个案例 - 利芳英语 - 利芳英语 REFIND ENGLISH
 

今天看到鲁子问教授的一篇文章,深有同感,特录于此,借机言表自己的相似观点:英语不复杂,能教会我的学生用最简单的、最恰当的语词和句子结构来表达(最)复杂的思想就是我的英语教学要追求的最高境界!

原文如下

今天才留意到New York Times 2月11日发表了Obama的讲话稿的语言特征。这篇讲话稿的语言非常有力,表达非常准确,但语词和结构却并不复杂,全篇超过我国高中要求的词汇不超过10个,语句结构也基本都是高中学生非常熟悉的。
我们总是说:英语文章写得好,不在于你用多少大词、多少复合句,而在于你能否用非常恰当的词和结构。
这篇讲话尽管是总统的讲话,但稿件的写作者(当然不是Obama本人,总统讲稿基本上都是影子作者ghost writer写的)肯定希望尽可能多的埃及人能听懂这篇讲话,所以选择了一些非常简单、但又非常恰当的词来表达复杂的思想。文章的语句结构也没不是太复杂,四五个从句构成的语句几乎没有,两三个从句构成的语句也不多。
这种写作风格我们在高中、大学英语写作教学中应该学习的,我们毕竟是把英语作为外语在学习,只要我们的读者对象不是法官、专家、政客等等,我们完全可以用简单而恰当的语词和结构表达我们复杂的思想。

 

Obama’s Remarks on the Resignation of Mubarak

Published: February 11, 2011

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/12/world/middleeast/12diplo-text.html

 

Good afternoon, everybody. There are very few moments in our lives where we have the privilege to witness history taking place. This is one of those moments. This is one of those times. The people of Egypt have spoken, their voices have been heard, and Egypt will never be the same.

By stepping down, President Mubarak responded to the Egyptian people's hunger for change. But this is not the end of Egypt's transition. It's a beginning. I'm sure there will be difficult days ahead, and many questions remain unanswered. But I am confident that the people of Egypt can find the answers, and do so peacefully, constructively, and in the spirit of unity that has defined these last few weeks. For Egyptians have made it clear that nothing less than genuine democracy will carry the day.

The military has served patriotically and responsibly as a caretaker to the state, and will now have to ensure a transition that is credible in the eyes of the Egyptian people. That means protecting the rights of Egypt's citizens, lifting the emergency law, revising the constitution and other laws to make this change irreversible, and laying out a clear path to elections that are fair and free. Above all, this transition must bring all of Egypt's voices to the table. For the spirit of peaceful protest and perseverance that the Egyptian people have shown can serve as a powerful wind at the back of this change.

The United States will continue to be a friend and partner to Egypt. We stand ready to provide whatever assistance is necessary -- and asked for -- to pursue a credible transition to a democracy. I'm also confident that the same ingenuity and entrepreneurial spirit that the young people of Egypt have shown in recent days can be harnessed to create new opportunity -- jobs and businesses that allow the extraordinary potential of this generation to take flight. And I know that a democratic Egypt can advance its role of responsible leadership not only in the region but around the world.

Egypt has played a pivotal role in human history for over 6,000 years. But over the last few weeks, the wheel of history turned at a blinding pace as the Egyptian people demanded their universal rights.

We saw mothers and fathers carrying their children on their shoulders to show them what true freedom might look like.

We saw a young Egyptian say, "For the first time in my life, I really count. My voice is heard. Even though I'm only one person, this is the way real democracy works."

We saw protesters chant "Selmiyya, selmiyya" -- "We are peaceful" -- again and again.

We saw a military that would not fire bullets at the people they were sworn to protect.

And we saw doctors and nurses rushing into the streets to care for those who were wounded, volunteers checking protesters to ensure that they were unarmed.

We saw people of faith praying together and chanting – "Muslims, Christians, We are one." And though we know that the strains between faiths still divide too many in this world and no single event will close that chasm immediately, these scenes remind us that we need not be defined by our differences. We can be defined by the common humanity that we share.

And above all, we saw a new generation emerge -- a generation that uses their own creativity and talent and technology to call for a government that represented their hopes and not their fears; a government that is responsive to their boundless aspirations. One Egyptian put it simply: Most people have discovered in the last few days…that they are worth something, and this cannot be taken away from them anymore, ever.

This is the power of human dignity, and it can never be denied. Egyptians have inspired us, and they've done so by putting the lie to the idea that justice is best gained through violence. For in Egypt, it was the moral force of nonviolence -- not terrorism, not mindless killing -- but nonviolence, moral force that bent the arc of history toward justice once more.

And while the sights and sounds that we heard were entirely Egyptian, we can't help but hear the echoes of history -- echoes from Germans tearing down a wall, Indonesian students taking to the streets, Gandhi leading his people down the path of justice.

As Martin Luther King said in celebrating the birth of a new nation in Ghana while trying to perfect his own, "There is something in the soul that cries out for freedom." Those were the cries that came from Tahrir Square, and the entire world has taken note.

Today belongs to the people of Egypt, and the American people are moved by these scenes in Cairo and across Egypt because of who we are as a people and the kind of world that we want our children to grow up in.

The word Tahrir means liberation. It is a word that speaks to that something in our souls that cries out for freedom. And forevermore it will remind us of the Egyptian people -- of what they did, of the things that they stood for, and how they changed their country, and in doing so changed the world.

Thank you.

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